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Before You Breed

Both dogs should be at least two years of age.  Younger than this could cause health problems for your female for several reasons.  One very important one is the puppies will be taking calcium away from her at an age when she needs all the calcium for her own growth.  Therefore, you dog could end up with arthritis, hip dysplasia, or some other calcium deficiency disease.  Besides the suffering for the animal, this would take all the money you "made" on the litter for vet bills for your dog.  This means you must go through the "messy" heat cycle several times before you breed.  Then they is the expenses.

Your dog should be a purebred from a reputable breeder.  A dog brought from a pet store, a "back yard" breeder, the roadside, etc. is not a reputable breeder.

You should have a five (5) generation pedigree for YOUR dog.  This means you purchase a pedigree from a company that does generations that far back.

Your dog should have a minimum of eight (8) titled (AKC or UKC) Champions, Obedience CD, CDX, etc.) in the last three (3) generations.

Your dog should have a stable temperament.  Bad temperament can be hereditary and should not be passed on.  You could end up selling a puppy to someone that could get someone who could not manage the dog and they the dog could hurt or even kill someone and, yes, you would be part blame.

Does your dog fit the breed standard?  You will be hurting the breed if you pass alone traits that are not desirable in your breed.

Are both the male and the female healthy?  You could pass alone hereditary sickness from the prospective parents.

Is your dog certified free of genetic diseases.  Have you had them certified by OFA, CERF, BAER?  If not you could sell puppies that come down with hip dysplasia or more.  Besides the pain you cause to people who care about their dog and the dogs themselves, people can then sue you to collect their money back.  Some puppies are now getting genetic diseases before the age of one (1)

Does the dog you are going to breed to also meet all the criteria above?

Are you willing to take the time to give puppy care, socialization, have them checked by a veterinarian, have the proper shots given on time, and no puppy should leave the litter until they are eight (8) weeks old.  

Are you willing to guarantee your puppies?  More and more "wise" buyers are only buying puppies that come with a health guarantee.

Do you have the proper environment for raising puppies?  Puppies need to be handled and played with.  Each puppy should be checked to determine the proper personality and temperament that will fit best with the potential owners/buyers.  Do you know how to do this?

Are you willing to take the time to follow up on the pup periodically?  You breed the dog, you are part responsible for what happens to the puppy.  You should take the responsibility to make sure all is well.

Are you willing to take the puppy back if the new owner does not want the puppy, for whatever reason.  Since you brought another dog into a world already over filled with unwanted dogs, you should be willing to take the dog back, at any age, if the new owner no longer wants the dog.  You should not be responsible for putting another dog into a shelter.

ONLY if you have answered ALL the above questions "YES" should you consider breeding the dog.  Breeding a dog is a very big commitment and responsibility.

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Cost of a litter

Pre-Breeding Health Screens

Eyes (Annual)



$150 - $250


$150 - $250

Heart Exam


Thyroid Screen


Brucellosis (each litter)


Breeding Related Expenses

Stud Fee

$200 to 800/litter



Other testing as required by stud dog owner


Whelping Supplies


Vet Bills for Dam


Vet Bills For Pups


Food For Pups


Registration Fees




Phone Bills


Extra Heat for winter


Extra Electric for summer


Total Expenses

$1,000 to $??????

Breeding Expenses if problems occur



Puppy Formula


Other Vet bills

Variable depending on problem

Time off from work


Can you really afford to breed?

For more information, click here

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